Artisanal techniques: cloth painting

Cloth painting is art of textile painting presenting an important part of arts and crafts. Since the ancient times this artisanal technique has been used in China, Japan, Indonesia and Africa, afterwards it was borrowed by European countries. The first mention of color decorative patterns on fabric can be seen in Pliny’s «Natural History». Throughout the centuries, technique has improved absorbing the national features of artistic cultures.

There are many techniques of making ornaments on fabric, for example, a technique of batik. Using this technique created the waterproof film called as «vapa» in Russian and some other cultures which protects the certain part of fabric from paints, as a result, the ornament of natural color of fabric appears.

Since XII century the woodblock printing on textiles has become popular in Russia. Woodblock printing on textiles is the process of printing patterns on textiles by means of incised wooden blocks: paints were applied to the wooden blocks and then such blocks put on fabrics. To transfer paints to fabric, the wooden blocks were taped with a hammer. During the development of technique the patterns have been selected and have become more complex, the more popular ornaments included flowers and leaves. Such technique is used in decoration of furniture, for creation multi-figure ornamental compositions on clothes including famous Pavlov-Posad shawls.